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Kakuma Refugee Camp (Kenya) Report

To: Robert Calvert/David Crane
From: DeDe and Curt Iles
CC: Engagement/Chadan
Date: 10 September 2014
Re: Kakuma Research

Research Report

 

 

 

(Photo) Sorghum grain offering during Kakuma 1 Sunday worship

 

 

Quote of the week:

“We Nuer are strong and large people. If our people can get Jesus for real, they will capsize the world.”   -Ding Lual

 

 

 

Overview

 

  • There are four clusters within Kakuma:

Kakuma 1 Oldest and largest. Location of Kakuma BC. Mixture of Nuer and Horn of Africa groups.

Kakuma 2   location of Anuak Baptist Church

Kakuma 3    Mixed Camp

Kakuma 4   New arrivals camp. Site of Baptist Preaching Point, Shilluk Preaching Point (not Baptist) and ECS Congregation

 

  • Great needs/great opportunities perfect location for American church(es) to plug in and adopt
  • Strong Nuer perception of Dinka as starting/causing the war. Juba vs. Bor vs. Malakal vs. Bentui

 

  • Nuer (Upper Nile/north. Jonglei) and Anuak are in both South Sudan Ethiopia (Gambela)

 

 

  • Those in Juba fled to UNIMiSS for their lives. Many then made their way to Kakuma.

 

  • Kakuma Climate (Normally) Rainy long rains March/April

Short   November

Rains in September were unexpected.

 

 

 

  • The Word trumps all!

Great need for Bible Teaching

Train young church leaders!   Déjà vu on 1990’s

Oral Learning Story Cloth/Small group Bible studies in homes

 

  • Trade language between all three groups is Arabic.

 

Report SUMMARY

 

  • Nuer are primarily Presbyterian.  Most do not preach a full salvation and depend on infant baptism and church membership for eternal life.
  • Sudanese Christians have sorrow in their hearts over the “curse of Ham” and its implications for them.
  • The women (who make up majority of camps and churches) want women-to-women time with visitors.

 

  • People Group: Nuer

 

Key in reaching the eastern side of South Sudan.

Strong positive presence in Kakuma 1 Camp

 

 

 

  • People Group: Shilluk

 

Met Kul Odhing, Presbyterian PT (Pastor in Training/not ordained).

His church is composed of Shilluk with some Dinka and others. “Averages 100 per Sunday”.

 

 

“Most Shilluk who fled fighting went north into South Kordofan or Blue Nile. Some may have traveled to Ethiopia.”

 

Kul said he came south to avoid Arabization of his children in The Sudan. Flew from Malakal on Army plane to Juba. Made way to Kakuma.   As he is spreading word, fellow Shilluk are slowly trickling in.

 

 

Kul asked for three things:

Bibles in Shilluk or English. He is only member with a Bible.

Help on church construction

Adult Education for Women (English)

 

 

 

  • People Group: Anuak or Anyuak

 

Anuak are found in both SS and Ethiopia.

SS clan speaks Anuak and Arabic/Ethiopians speak Anuak and Amharic

 

Anuak live near/among Nuer/Majanger/Opuo/Komo and “Ethiopian HIghlanders

 

Gospel penetration should be possible among above groups with possible exception of Highlandsers (Orthrodoxy).

 

Primary religion: Christianity.   Most Christian denominations are shallow and not scripture-centered. Salvation is “in heaven” not on earth. Baptism and Church membership impart salvation.

 

Makini Yesu “Unity of Jesus”   Ethiopia Interdenominational Protestant Church (including some Baptists) as opposed to Ethiopian Orthrodox. Group is not evangelistic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 Hard Questions

  1. What is the best way to share the Word in a reproducible model?
  2. How do we address great cry for adult education in English? Bible reading esp. women
  3. We were told there are Nuer refugees in Kampala. Where are they?
  4. Do we pursue these same tribes in Gambela?
  5. Walls and Roofs: They are asking partners to put roofs on Camp churches.
  6. How do we work among/around other denominations in Camp?

 

 

 

Travel Summary for Engaging Churches

 

  • Because of potential flooding, have a Kampala plan and Turkana plan.

 

 

  • Flight options   Nairobi (JIKA) to Lodwar on Flight 540 Air.

Nairobi (WILSON|) to Lokkichoggio (LOKKI) on MAF or SAX

 

  • Ground transportation:   Use Geoffery   Lokki 1.5 hour drive (95 km) on good road

 

  • Lodging     Track Mark Camp   Lokki     No adequate lodging in Kakuma area

If in Lodwar, Bethany Catholic Guesthouse

  • Food      Breakfast and Dinner at Track Mark.   Take packed lunch or in town (Camel Roast) Avoid Fly Palaces In Camp Diners!

 

 

KEY LEADERS AND PERSONS OF PEACE

Patrick (Elizabeth) Nacho Baptist leader in Lodwar

Ding (Nychan) Lual Baptist leader in Kakuma Camp(s)

Thomas    Baptist leader in Kakuma Nuer translator/Seminary applicant/potential leader of Kakuma 4 preaching point.

Matthew Anuak Baptist Leader Kakuma 2

Matthew (Sarah) Dohl

Simon (Rachel) L. at UBS

Duop               at UBS

Monywach Kiir   at UBS

Kuhl Odhing   Shilluk Man of Peace   in Kakuma 4 (Presbyterian)

Sarah Nuer translator   Secondary student   Impressive!

John       Presbyterian leader

Thomas Presbyterian leader

Momma Martha Church leader in Kakuma 1 Baptist Church

Rosemary   Track Mark manager. Great resource

Geoffrey Machoki   Driver in Lokki

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summary on Sudan students at UBS

 

 

 

  1. Duop is somewhere in Ethiopia   Nuer
  2. Gathak thought to be in Ethiopia or SS   Nuer
  3. Zachariah   KK
  4. Isaac Martin   Western Equatoria Zande at UBS
  5. Monywach Kiir at UBS   Nuer
  6. Duop #2   at UBS     Nuer
  7. Simon Limthil   at UBS Nuer
  8. Julius Jack   KK
  9. Omar     KK
  10. Abraham   Akot/Dinka

 

* Ding Lual thought several of Nuer UBS students are not properly training in camp between UBS terms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LONG REPORT

 

Day by Day

 

Thursday 4 September 2014

 

  • We flew Kenya Airways (KQ 411) from Entebbe to Nairobi,

Flight 540 Air from Nairobi to Lodwar   (one hour flight time on DeHavilland 8) Ancedotal that flights are not reliable.

 

Reunited with our friends Summi and Kun (from Limiru Language school; South Korean missions located in Lodwar)

 

  • Met at airstrip by Pastor Patrick Nacho and his wife Elizabeth.

Driver Michael took us to Bethany Guesthouse on Catholic Diocese compound. (Paid

Nice and clean. Electricty all night/filtered cold water available/good nets

 

6 rooms

 

1   1 bed +3/4 bed

2 1 bed

3   1 bed

4     2 beds

5     1 bed

6   2 beds not S/C

Western Toilet/cold wter

1 towel   (bring extra towel/washcloth

 

5000 Kwx for room   included 1 double S/C   4 for dinner 2 guests breakfast

has fridge   meal: stew/rice/banana/custard

 

Contact:   Symbrose

Met Neils (Dutch water research) and Mario (Italian Ag NGO)

Enjoyed timed with Patrick and Elizabeth. He pastors   KTBC grad/taught and sponsored by Crane

Lodwar dress:   women in dresses below knee/men in long pants

 

  • Baptist work in Turkana District

 

Patrick and Elizabeth have five children (12,8,6,3,3,1 plus 4 orphans)

 

Churches in Lodwar Free Pentecostal/Presbyterian/Anglican/Redeemed/SDA/Baptist/Catholic/Deliverance/AG/Chrisco

 

3 Baptist churches in Kakuma

1 opp Polica

1 near airstrip

1 in bush area

 

Napetet BC   KBC bought land/building erected by church   Patrick pastor since 2007

IMB missionary Troy Haas started work in area.

 

 

 

Friday 5 September 2014

 

 

  • Lodwar

Breakfast at Bethany (toast/cereal).

Micheal drove us to Kakuma. 3 hour drive on rough road and in ditches. Paid 8000 Kwx for day (Lodwar to Lokki) plus 4750 Kwx for fuel

Lodwar water for 700 Shillings

Banks in Lodwar for money exchange

 

  • Kakuma

 

Met in town by Kaong and Karo.

Went to Kakuma 1 Baptist Church where met by Pastor Ding, Pastor Thomas, and congregation.

Wonderful welcome.   20 in attendance divided among women and young men.

 

Ding shared of history and situation at Kakuma:

4 Camps now

Kakuma 1 Oldest Nuer   Church building serves restarted in March/DRC congregation was meeting

Kakuma 2     Anuak Church

Kakuma 3

Kakuma 4 Newer arrivals   Mostly Nuer

 

There are many Nuer at Rhino Camp

 

 

Church members shared needs:

 

Momma Martha (Deaconess)  Momma       Mary Nation   Drummer Duk Strong young man  Thomas     Kaong Lual

 

 

BIBLICAL TRAINING

Thomas   people don’t know the Word. Many cannot read the Bible and desire truth.

Bible study (Wed) is novel concept to many. Many are from Presbyterian/Catholic backgrounds and are comfortable with liturgical services.

 

 

ORPHANS (Nation) Many families have taken in orphans.

 

PRIMARY/SECONDARY EDUCAITON

Teachers are available but not paid

Is K1BC being used as a school

 

VOCATIONAL TRAINING (Duk)

Idleness

Carpentry

Tailoring

National training

Plastic Mats   long enough for tall Nuer

 

CLOTHING  UNHCR supplies most physical needs but not clothing. Great need. “We fled with the clothes on our back.”

 

CHURCH BUILDINGS   They are independent and want to erect/build their own churches. Challenge are iron sheets/timbers   Nice building at Kakuma 1.

 

 

ADULT ED   Great need for adults to receive literacy training (English) Teach to teach others.

 

SPORTS   (Kuong)   have basketball (goal/court/net????)   love and desire Football need balls/socks/uniforms (pullover vests) Soccer pitch?   Volleyball need ball and net.   Court borders bungee cords/reope

 

Check with VAPOR Sports Ministry (Nairobi)

 

Thomas    Associate Pastor/Single (praying for wife) lives in Kakuma 4. Desires training served as translator

 

800 km to KTBC/about 800 to UBS

 

“We Nuer are big and strong. If our people learn the Word of God, we could capsize the world. “Turn the world upside down.”

 

*Be careful not to mention “You’re so cute I could take you home.” Nuer fear of Westerners kidnapping children voiced by woman at Presby church.

 

Lokkichoggio/Track Mark

Birthday supper (#7) with Gannon Sigler (Mother Jennifer, Jillian husband Giles and daughter Grace (RVA)

 

AIC (African Inland Church) clinic is good with basic services with qualified staff.

 

 

Have Safaricom sim card as well as Airtel

 

Kob   Nuer dish

 

 

Saturday 6 September

 

Rosemary (Track Mark) is a key contact;

LWF (Lutheran World Federation) has camp/hostel in their Kakuma compound

Lokki Regular flights

 

SAX Air   Mon/Wed/Fri Beechcraft 1900     0 72 031 49 15

MAF (Missionary Aviation Fellowship) Thur/Fri/Mon   Caravan

Muchoki Driver

Rumors of UN/NGO return

 

Kakuma has good hospital in Camp. Surgery and higher level care

 

 

Kakuma 1 Baptist Church

Coordinates   N 03 42.959 E 34 52.274

 

 

 

 

Lunch break

 

Visits to Camp Management Office

Coordinates

 

Samuel

 

Raphael

 

Picked up by driver Solomon in 4 X 4. Charled 1000 Kwx for transport into Kakuma 2 Road coordinates   N 03 42.677 / E 34 49.812

 

 

 

                               Anuak Baptist Church at Kakuma 2 Camp

 

Pastor Matthew   pastor for nine years   was attending Kakuma Turkana Baptist

Lost his wife and one child. His surving daughter (age eight) was introduced Gave a story cloth

 

Church Building

 

Needs of Church Brick walls iron sheeted roof is leaky

 

Members

Translator   gave a storyteller

Drummers

Glasses

Two speakers

 

 

We also met on Wed. 10 September with Pastor Matthew on Anuak info:

 

People Group: Anuak or Anyuak

 

Anuak are found in both SS and Ethiopia.

SS clan speaks Anuak and Arabic/Ethiopians speak Anuak and Amharic

 

ANUAK live near/among Nuer/Majanger/Opuo/Komo and “Ethiopian HIghlanders

 

Gospel penetration should be possible among above groups with possible exception of Highlandsers (Orthrodoxy).

 

Primary religion: Christianity.   Most Christian denominations are shallow and not scripture-centered. Salvation is “in heaven” not on earth. Baptism and Church membership impart salvation.

 

Makini Yesu “Unity of Jesus”   Ethiopia Interdenominational Protestant Church (including some Baptists) as opposed to Ethiopian Orthrodox

 

All ages and genders in churches.

Worship style (Observed at Kakuma) is African.

 

No church leadership training.

Ding is recommending training for Pastor Matthew.

 

Literacy is major problem.

Children/Youth are learning to read English.

Most Adults do not read Anuak or English or.

 

Oral Scriptures are needed!

 

No radio in their home border area.

 

Food and Hospitality   Kuahn: their version of Ugali (Maize and/or sorghum) Ethiopian Anuak eat injera.

 

Dress: Men in long pants/women dresses below knee with headcovering in church.

 

They have Kingdom (headquartered in Adong   lat long __________ town) in South Sudan.

 

Ethiopian Anuka monarchy wiped out by Ethiopian Army in massacre in 2003.

Many Anuak fled to SS and onto Kakuma.

 

They believe in Creator/God.

 

Polygamy common among non-believers. Husband and wives live in compound of houses/additions

 

Believers are taught monogamy and will build new home apart.

 

Crossing area border is common and simple.

Anuak are on both sides with majority in Ethiopia.

 

MAP

 

 

There is present access to share the Gospel.

Sagemont Baptist (Houston Wade Owen) has worked in Gambela Camps/region and said “their work was finished there.” More info needed.

 

Future access seems good. Instability in either government could cloud situation.

 

Barriers to the Gospel

  1. Literacy
  2. Lack of consistent Bible study (Sunday school/small groups/week study)
  3. Oral Scriptural methods needed!
  4.  Widows and orphans

 

 

Rainy season when movement is difficult: June-September

Dry Season: December-March

 

Anuak are farmers. Some livestock but not prolific

 

 

Juba IDP Anuak Camp on KK Road

Baptist leader Ojoo Ojwato +211 926 662 335

 

Gospel Seed Sowing
Story Cloth with Training

Storytellers/SD cards

Jesus Film

 

Anuak Bible translation is available (OT +NT???)

 

Safaricom is best carrier.

 

 

Anuak Greetings.

Good morning   Unah Pwah Nuber   Plural     eenah Pwah Nuber Singluar

Good afternoon   unah reah

Thank you   Eenah Pwah

 

Tough Questions:

  1. Are they reached? No, little evidence of Biblical teaching/training among leaders and members. Works/Church membership view of salvation.
  2. Prayer Heart Verse     How will they hear without a preacher?   Isiaiah
  3. Our one priority:   Oral/written Scripture with leadership training
  4. Go to Guy/Organization:     Pastor Matthew Anuak Baptist Kakuma

Ding Lual     SIL???

5. Seed sowing:   Oral Scripture

6. Engaging Church Entry:   work with nationals through Camps. Could Include sports, Adult Ed/Vulnerable care

7. Greatest challenges:     Distance, Time, and Expense

Long term Literacy

Transitory Lifestyles of refugees/border

 

8. Opportunities:   Openess to Gospel

Hunger of people

Very open to Westerners

 

 

 

Sunday 7 September

 

 

_________ _______   traveled with us (from Lokki) He is a student at MERF (Middle Eastern Reformed Fellowhsip) at short term ( three month) Bible School. ______ is Nuer and is one of fifteen SS students at school. They are a mix of tribes and denominations. Faculty are UK.

 

Church at Kakuma 1 Baptist Church. Joint unity service with Presberteryians/Reformed/Lutheran + one more

 

Spirited song service.

Touching offering as children and women brought grain offerings to altar.

 

Curt and Dee shared from Story Cloth on the power of Jesus.

 

Congolese church meets afterwards in building. Their member ship consists of Kinshaa and Lake Kivu refugees.

 

Had lunch and discussion time with church leaders at Lual home.

 

Met with Ding Lual as he shared about his ministry at Kakuma and relationship with New Life Endowment (Mike Scalf).

 

Went to Karuma 4 for visit with Sarah Dohl. Sarah, wife of church leader Matthew Dohi, just arrived at Camp.

 

She shared her (and her two young children’s) journey from Leer (Unity State) to Bentui where she remained in UNIMISS Camp for two months. Flooding forced refugees to move.

 

Sarah traveled for three days on foot to reach the border of Sudan.

 

Arabs at border stole all belongings including money and phone.

 

Series of truck rides brought them to Khartoum, capital of Sudan.

 

Her journey to Kakuma included traveling through Juba then to Kakuma.

 

Her husband Matthew is in Nairobi.

 

Monday 8 September

 

Teaching Time   DeDe with women.   She shared Sacrificial Story

 

 

 

Tuesday 9 September

 

 

Went to Kakuma 4 for visits:

 

DeDe (with translator Sarah _______) went to visit with Sarah Dohl.   Story may be read at __________

 

 

Curt (with Ding) went to find Shilluk church in Kakuma 4.

Carol (Shilluk) took us to location in Kakuma 4 Zone 3 Block 1

TIP: Nuer and Shilluk use Arabic to communicate. Ding called it “Northern Arabic.”

 

Met Kul Odhing, Presbyterian PT (Pastor in Training/not ordained).

His church is composed of Shilluk with some Dinka and others. “Averages 100 per Sunday”.

 

 

“Most Shilluk who fled fighting went north into South Kordofan or Blue Nile. Some may have traveled to Ethiopia.”

 

Kul said he came south to avoid Arabization of his children in The Sudan. Flew from Malakal on Army plane to Juba. Made way to Kakuma.   As he is spreading word, fellow Shilluk are slowly trickling in.

 

“Shilluk people are found more in towns. Shilluk Kingdom is found on west side of Nile. Fashoda is center of Kingdom with Kodok, Pinkang, and Tonga being other major cities. Many are/were in Malakal and went to UNIMISS Compound.”

 

SHILLUK KINGDOM MAP

 

Kul asked for three things:

Bibles in Shilluk or English. He is only member with a Bible.

Help on church construction

Adult Education for Women (English)

 

Ding: “Most Nuer left UNIMISS Compound when Rebels took over Malakal. Most remaining are Dinka and Shilluk.”

 

 

Returned to Kakuma 1 Baptist Church for teaching time (20 in attendance mostly women)

 

(Curt) shared on Heroes of the Faith from Hebrews 11 using Story Cloth. Introduced Tabernacle from Hebrews 9/10.

 

Pastor Ding finished teaching with encouragement from Hebrews 12, “Keeping our eyes on Jesus.”

 

Met Tabitha, teacher at Kakuma Secondary School.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GLOSSARY

NKCCK

 

ICRC   International Red Cross

IRC   International Rescue Comm. (US ? NGO)

Camp

Zone

Block

Plot

 

UNIMISS

 

 

RESOURCES

 

aga

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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