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Kentucky Baptist Disaster Relief Report

 

You can join hands with prayer for the South Sudan.  Photo: Coy Webb of Kentucky and Abrahim Kiir of Bor, SS.
You can join hands with prayer for the South Sudan.
Photo: Coy Webb of Kentucky and Abrahim Kiir of Bor, SS.

Kentucky Baptist Disaster Relief Rapid Assessment Team Report
Uganda/South Sudan
March 9-23, 2014

Team Members:
• Coy Webb – KY Baptist DR Director- Sphere trained
• Glenn Hickey – KY Baptist DR leader – Sphere trained
• Matt Stickel – KY Baptist DR leader – Well Repair, Volunteer Construction, and DR Medical Specialist
• Larry Hunt – KY Baptist DR leader – Agricultural and Volunteer Construction Specialist
• IMB Field Strategists Bob Calvert and Curt and DeDe Iles

Overall Report
• Over 20 camps
• Overall population exceeding 100,000
• Camps consistently fell short of minimum standards
• Refugee population primarily from South Sudan and Democratic Republic of the Congo
• Primary Displacement Cause – civil war and ethnic genocide
• Camp locations in Uganda – Adjumani area, Koboko area, and Arua area
• Team traveled by vehicle from Entebbe with travel of 1500 km plus

WASH-water, sanitation, and hygiene
• Consistent failure to meet minimum standard of 15 liters of water per day per person
• Boreholes on average for every 1,000 – 1250 people- (Sphere standard for borehole would be ideal at 500 people)
• critical lack of water in 4 camps and camp arrangement creating difficulty in 5th camp
• most camps utilizing trench latrines
• most camps adequate latrine coverage with the exception of Rhino camps in Arua area that are attempting family unit latrine coverage
• major issue with latrines in Rhino camps is that camps are 85-95 % women and children with camp strategy of family latrine construction
• bathing soap, laundry soap, and women’s menstrual cloths were nearly nonexistent
• water containers (plastic jerry cans) at most camps distributed to families for water retrieval and storage – 20 liter jerry cans – 1 per family
• Rhino camps jerry cans were smaller (10 liter) and cheaper grade of plastic in construction – Issues with cans bursting at seams and holes from penetration

Food Security
• camps falling short of minimum standard established by SPHERE
• 2100 calories per day per person suggested by SPHERE and not nearly being reached
• food distribution is uneven from camp to camp
• food supplies were consistently providing only 75% of coverage per 30 day period
• food distribution consisted of maize flour, yellow split peas, and oil—some camps receive porridge ration
• some camps did not receive oil
• some camps received only one bulk item
• Camps at Waju settlement near Koboko were the only camps to receive salt and it was limited
• Consistent complaint of variety and shortage of food
• Vulnerable population seemed most affected by food shortages
• Entry camps getting 2 meals a day-1:00 and 6:00 PM with porridge in morning and either yellow split peas or maize in evening – meals being prepared communally
Shelter and NFI (non-food items) items
• Families supplied with one tarp to assist in shelter construction
• Mixture of permanent (mud brick and grass thatch) and temporary( wood and tarp)-temporary most commo
• Most shelter issues were related to Vulnerable population-including unaccompanied minors, elderly and disabled
• Additional shelter issues related to camps consisting of 85% to 95% women and children.
• Limited tool distribution causing shelter construction issues with cutting of wood for construction
• Deforestation beginning to occur around camps – due to shelter construction and firewood needs
• Non-food items-overall shortage—one sauce pan per family, one blanket per family, one to two mosquito nets per family (1-7 people receive one mosquito net while over 7 were given two nets), scythe and small saw (one per ten family units),
• Lack of seed for planting
• Rainy season fast approaching – team was on edge of season

Education
• Consistent lack of school presence in camps
• Attempting to integrate refugees in local Ugandan schools
• Overcrowded classrooms
• Lack of educational supplies
• Shortage of teachers
• Lack of school fees
• Long distance to schools
• Unaccompanied minors had little or no support or supervision

Medical
• Reception camps – only camps with medical/health facility
• Refugee camps – no medical presence
• Long distance to health facility
• No transportation for emergency situations
• Difficult for sick to travel long distances for treatment or to receive treatments such as antiretroviral drugs for HIV affected
• Lack of nutrition is considered an issue with antiretroviral treatments
• Vulnerable population at risk during rainy season for disease (malaria and cholera)
• Measles vaccination have been consistent across camps
• Hygiene education being conducted

Additional Vital Information
• Unaccompanied minors (child-headed homes) make up about 3-5% of population
• Elderly and disabled represent 5 % of population
• Majority of disabled seem to be related to age issues
• Blindness – largest disabled population – mostly due to cataract issues
• Camps are 85-95% women and children

Kentucky DR Team Recommendations

1. Borehole considerations for 4 camps with possible consideration for fifth camp—suggested for concentrated effort
• Adjumani area – Ulua II camp— one borehole with contaminated red colored water- camp’s only water source with worn-out pump in need of repair and maintenance – camp population of 3000
• Koboko area-Waju Settlement-Lokujo camp— water source is community borehole –local community is refusing to share well because of fear of well running dry and inability of refugees to pay water usage fees that community members contribute -the well is shallow -refugees have been abused and beaten when attempting to get water- refugees are currently collecting water from contaminated stream and muddy hole shared by local livestock
• Koboko area – Waju Settlement-Koku Camp-does not have water source-sharing water source (borehole) with adjoining camp-walking 40 minutes plus to water source
• Arua area -Rhino Camp-Tika II—Water tank that has damaged tank issues related to valve and spigot repair – no water delivery for 6 days
• Adjumani area –Boratuku camp-all new arrivals being placed in area that is separated from camp water sources – new arrivals make up about 2000 of overall population of 7000 in camp-overall water not bad with 3 boreholes and 2 water tanks

Ulua 2 and Lokujo camps- could consider distributing purification packets or tablets

2. Momma Kits for Pregnant Women
• 750-1200 pregnant women
• Most camps 25-40 pregnant women
• Distance to medical facilities will force many camp births
• Should be sustainable
• Pregnancies may decrease due to shortage of men in camps

3. Elderly/Disabled Care Buckets
• 2500-3500 for 20 camps-3-8% of population
• Suggested bucket contents:
Small bucket for toilet needs
Sleeping mat
Blanket
Wash cloth
Body soap
Lotion
Lip balm
Washing soap for clothing
Peanut butter
Multi-vitamin – consideration should be given that lack of water can cause
Issues with body absorbing vitamins

4. Women’s washable menstrual cloths distribution
• Women currently have not been given resource due to lack of resources
• Source for item in Kampala
• Coordinate with potential OXFAM distribution

5. Tool distribution
• Hoe heads
• Pangas (machetes for cutting wood)

6. Seed distribution
• Suggested seed items to consider:
maize
okra
beets
onion
• Do not buy hybrid seed varieties to enable
• Possibly could combine hoe head and seed distribution
• Nearing rainy season and ability to plant seeds must be considered in how to best to plan distribution

7. Children
• soccer balls or sports equipment
• consideration of contacting VAPOR Ministries or Rawlings Sporting Goods
• Educational supplies needed but extremely large population of children in camps

8. Usage of volunteers
• Distribution of goods and camp evangelism – best
• Shelter and latrine construction for elderly/ disabled -issues that arose in this area:
o many refugee leaders insisting that refugee population be paid to do construction
o several camps were very volatile and increased stress could increase potential for violence
o isolation of Rhino camp, there is not a good way for volunteers to serve on site as drive is 2 ½ hours from Arua and lack of resources in camps could cause issues with volunteers staying in camps

Some camp leaders were open to possibility of volunteers assisting vulnerable with construction

• Volunteers would need to be well trained, aware of risks, prepared to live in primitive conditions and self-sustained, and must understand that bringing give- away items would not be beneficial, could increase risk of violence, and create significant issues for national partners and IMB field strategists

9. Disaster Relief Trauma Chaplains
• Majority of camp has experience trauma caused by violence, war, and years of conflict
• Issues to be considered in this area:
Camps are large populations
Lack of controlled space
• Emphasis should be on women and children since they make up the bulk of the population.

10. Body soap and wash soap distribution
• Some in Waju settlements in Koboko area, but not sufficient for entire population in cluster that consists of 8 camps.
• 200 grams per person per month washing soap
• 250 grams per person for bathing

11. Transportation for pastors to get to camps
• Consideration of purchasing bicycles or reimbursing expenses for leasing of boda bodas (motorcycle taxis) for national partners/pastors seeking to minister in camps
• Motorcycles expensive and could create jealousy issues if only certain pastors received this resource

12. Team would strongly suggest concentrated efforts in strategic camps
• more likely to make stronger Gospel impact than doing small things in many camps – focused effort rather than shotgun approach
• Suggested to focus on camps with strong national pastors
• Volatility of camps should be consideration and distribution limited to a small population in some camps could result in potential for violence
• Distributions need to be planned and conducted in controlled environment – strongly discourage distribution of resources from truck or other vehicle – distributions should be coordinated with Ugandan PMO office, NGO leadership, and with prior notification of camp leaders
• Strongly suggest that any resource distribution be accompanied by strong national partner/IMB evangelistic presence –Biblical storying recommended as culture is orally dominant

13. Enlist prayer supporters in the states – Problems and issues are God-sized

14. Enlist BGR/IMB/NAMB to share story of great current need and utilize Baptist Press to communicate and feature response, including coverage of resource allocations to minister in camps– Pictures and story of borehole being drilled would paint picture for local congregations much more than reports and increase possibility of giving above CP, as well as increase awareness of World Hunger Fund, BGR, and DR

Individual Camp-by-Camp Assessment

1. ADJUMANI
1.1. Baritoko
1.2. Nyamazi I
1.3. Nyamazi II
1.4. Aiylo I
1.5. Aiylo II
1.6. Mirieyi-Mirley
1.7. Boroli
1.8. Ulua I
1.9. Ulua II
1.10. Alere
2. KOBOKO area
2.1. Adalogo
2.2. Koku
2.3. Lokujo
2.4. Panyuro
2.5. Adanga
2.6. Waju I, II, and II

3. RHINO camps
3.1. Tika II
3.2. Odubu I

1. ADJUMANI Area

1.1. Baritoko
• population 7000-all Dinka
• 350 new Dinka families-Dinka were pushed out to a new area in camp
• elderly –disabled – 300
• pregnant women-50
• Unaccompanied minors – 400
• 1000 family units
• new arrivals had only a few days food supply- 40% of 5 day supply
• 21-23 day food supply for camp on monthly distribution
• water-3 boreholes and 2 water tanks-all located in the old camp-nothing in the new area of the camp
• latrines adequate in the old part-nothing in new
• no medical center
• no school
• every family got 1 tarp for shelter
• one blanket per family
• mosquito net for 1-7 in family and 2 nets for above 7-new arrivals did not receive mosquito nets
• tools-saw, hoe head, scythe—new arrivals received no tools
• one saucepan per family-new arrivals no saucepan distributed
• Most new arrivals sleeping on the ground under trees

50 women asked for tools and seed; and begged us to give them something to allow them to feed their children themselves

Majak-Chairman-Dinka man
Simon Peter-youth chairman-0787 541 719
Myom-ECS Pastor
This camp is close to Grace Baptist Church- Pastor Paul, his son Job, and nephew Patrick

1.2. Nyamazi I
• Population – 22,250 all Dinka
• 4000 family units
• 250 pregnant women
• 1000 elderly and disabled
• large number of blind-cataracts
• 925 unaccompanied children
• 12 boreholes and 7 water tanks
• latrines were decent
• no medical center
• no school
• food – receiving every 30 days-lasting 20-23 days
• shelters-families receive one tarp
• mosquito nets-1 for 1-7 people-2 nets for 7 or more
• one blanket per family
• one saucepan per family
• tool set-hoe head, saw, scythe one per family
• camp leaders requested help for elderly and disabled

Manueke Wilson-Camp Chairman-Anglican that says he is born-again

1.3. Nyamazi II
Reception camp
Communal Feeding -2 Meals per day – 1 PM and 6 PM (Porridge at 1 PM and Maize or yellow split peas at 6 PM)
Doctors Without Borders at Nyamazi II
Latrines built uphill from communal shelters and water source could cause issue n rainy season
Water – 1 borehole with 12 water spigots

1.4. Aiylo I
1.5. Aiylo II
• all Dinka
• population – 19,000
• 3800 family units
• elderly and disabled 300
• 200 blind-all elderly
• pregnant women 200
• unaccompanied minors-1000
• food-lasting about 22 days
• water-15 boreholes and 10 water tanks
• latrines-decent
• no health center
• no school
• new arrivals-one tarp per family
• majority of shelters were permanent shelters
• gave tools for every 5 families instead of the one set of tools for 10 families
• one blanket per family
• mosquito nets 1 for 1-7 people and 2 nets for 7+
• 1 saucepan per family unit

Julius works at this camp.

1.6. Mirieyi-Mirley
• population 11,000
• new arrivals-200 all Dinka-they were put on the other side of the road
• Old population in one area-long time refugees-many were Madi
• 225 family units at that camp
• Pregnant women-25
• Elderly and disabled -70
• 100 unaccompanied minors-??????
• Three boreholes-with one needing pump repair
• Food for 22 days
• Shelter-new arrivals one tarp other members had permanent shelter
• New arrivals needed shelter for elderly
• Latrines-decent
• No health center
• No school
• No school fees
• New arrivals did not get saucepans, mosquito nets, blankets, or tools

Very close to Pastor Joseph’s church

1.7. Boroli
• Population 6000
• 1250 family units
• 12 tribes – complexity issues because of tribal division
• 75-pregnant women
• elderly and disabled-75
• unaccompanied minors-300
• water-4 boreholes and 3 water tanks
• latrines decent-did not want to share latrines and boreholes with other tribes
• food last for 23 days
• no medical center
• school very far away
• blankets-one per family
• tarps-one per family
• 1 saucepan per family
• mosquito nets-one for 1-7 in family and 2 for 7+
• only camp that requested Bibles—English and Madi
• two churches- one Full Gospel
• complained that they were the poorest camp

Merle pastor-John that lives in Entebbe at Calvary Chapel-need to bring him to that camp when we enter—Be cautious entering this camp as camp has high potential for volatility

1.8. Ulua I
Man of peace contact -Abraham Kiir–0794166080
Camp Leader -Simon Garang
• population 25000 all Dinka
• family units-495
• pregnant women-50
• elderly-disabled 200
• unaccompanied minors-300
• water-3 boreholes-one was contaminated with presence of worms that had tapeworm appearance
• latrines-decent
• food- new arrivals 23 days—old residents 11 to 12 days???
• No school
• No medical centers
• New arrivals- 1 tarp per family
• Mosquito nets- 1 net for 1-7 and 2 nets for 7+
• Blankets-1 per family
• Tools – 1 set for 10 families
• One saucepan per family
• Would be open to volunteers to build shelter for elderly and disabled
• Need motor fixed on a posho mill—pretty big mill

1.9. Ulua II
• Dinka-population 3000
• 600 households
• pregnant women-50
• disabled and elderly 250
• unaccompanied minors 30
• Leader’s statements of “God-White Men-Women-the rest of us”—“If we all die, it will be on you”
• One borehole-contaminated water with reddish tent-old pump in need of repair-very critical need
• Food lasting about 12 days–???
• Latrines-decent
• Shelter-most were permanent
• No schools
• No medical
• No blankets
• No mosquito nets
• No saucepans
• No tools
• High stress level and potential for volatility

Chairman-Garang Chol Mach
Older camp-the new arrivals fled to join their relatives.

1.10. Alere
• Dinka-3900
• Family units-740
• Pregnant women-30
• Elderly-disabled 230
• Unaccompanied minors-180
• 4 boreholes
• decent latrines
• enough food
• shelters-permanent mostly
• new arrivals-one tarp
• school in camp area
• no medical
• new arrivals-one blanket per family
• mosquito nets-one per family
• tool set-one per 10 family units
• Needs-school fees and medicine
• Church-led by Savior a student that has attended UBS—also Frank
• Needs new road
• Large number of disabled
• Huge soccer field
• Large market at camp with large food resources and activity

2. KOBOKO area

8 clusters in Waju settlement

2.1. Adalogo
• One borehole
• 183 households
• 890 residents
• one additional borehole completed
• serving chairman-not elected-waiting for election
• Receiving salt
• food lasting 21 days
• 1 tarp for family
• mosquito nets- 1 per 1-7 in family and 2 for 7 plus
• tool set-1 per 10 family units
• blanket- 1 per family
• saucepan – 1 per family
• nearby school-stream that may prohibit going in rainy season
• 20 pregnant women
• no medical

2.2. Koku
• 100 family units
• 700-800 people
• no borehole-sharing with other camp
• no water tank
• food lasting about 24 days
• salt
• no school
• no medical center
• tarp-1 per family
• blanket-1 per family
• saucepan – 1 per family
• mosquito net-1 for 1-7 in family and 2 for 7 above
• tools-1 per 10 families

2.3. Lokujo
• sharing village borehole-not working well- conflict with usage
• 96 households
• 4 pregnant
• 5 elderly/disabled
• no tools
• borrowing tools
• few tarps- only partial distribution
• food lasting 23 days
• mosquito nets, saucepans, blankets – same as in other camps
• 2 nets per households
• salt and some soap
• wanted a Bible in Lingala or Kakwa
• need water purification packets

2.4. Panyuro
• 107 family units
• population 650
• pregnant women-20
• elderly/disabled-50
• unaccompanied minors-45
• food lasting about 23 days
• shelter-1 tarp per family
• saucepans, blankets, mosquito nets – same as other camps
• tools – 1 set per 10 family units
• water-sharing 2 community boreholes with no issues
• school on site-with 2 teachers
• no medical center
• given emergency phone number-ambulance will not come if the people cannot pay
• great potential for gospel impact

2.5. Adanga
• 52 family units
• 64 orphans
• brand new well
• heavily Muslim
• nice child-friendly space
• school and medical center on site

2.6. Waju I, II, and II – large camps – Unable to assess as NGO leadership wanted us to focus on camps with greatest need

770 units total in all of the Koboko Camps

3. RHINO camps
13 camps/clusters – Arua area

Uganda PMO Presence- less open to our response

3.1. Tika II
• Nuer tribe
• 760 family units
• 30 pregnant women
• 10-12 elderly and disabled
• 22 unaccompanied minors
• 7 men
• Chairman-Stephen
• Water- one tank that needed valve and spigot repair-no water delivery in 6 days
• Food lasting only 21 days
• Porridge only
• No latrines
• Mainly women to dig their own family latrines
• 1 tarp per family
• 1 blanket per family
• 1 saucepan per family
• 1 mosquito net per family no matter the size
• tool-one scythe, one saw- for every 10 family units—no hoe heads
• On site local school-extremely overcrowded with few teachers
• medical over an hour walk and often sent to Arua for critical care – refugees must arrange own transportation – 2 and ½ hour drive on difficult roads to Arua
• cheap quality and smaller 10 liter jerry cans given – 1 per family – durability issues demonstrated after a few days usage
• open to volunteers coming to help with latrines and shelters

Do have a Presbyterian church-want Bible in Nuer and English- National partner John, the Evangelist

3.2. Odubu I
• Dinka-2846—1940 are new arrivals
• Family units-369
• Pregnant women-10
• Elderly and disabled-30
• Unaccompanied minors-40
• Peter, been there for 14 years- Catholic-open to volunteers
• Boreholes-2 new-stretching thin
• Only individual household latrines-not digging very deep
• Food-lasting 22 days-maize and porridge
• No medical center
• No school
• 1 tarp per family
• 1 saucepan for family
• 1 blanket per family
• 1 jerry can per family-not durable and smaller (10 liter) – same as in Tika II
• no mosquito nets
• no tools